For persons arrested and taken into custody, there shall be four kinds of bail used in this state. No other form of bail may be approved and accepted by any judicial officer, court clerk, magistrate, or any other person designated to accept and approve bail as stipulated in Division 1, Sections 15-13-100 to 15-13-110, inclusive. The four kinds of bail shall be judicial public bail, cash bail, property bail, and professional surety bail. Their definitions are as follows:
(1) Cash bail.
Cash bail is when the defendant or some person on behalf of the defendant deposits cash in an amount equal to a part or the total sum of the bail as set by the judicial officer to the clerk of the court having jurisdiction over the case. Acceptance of cash bail shall conform to Division 9.
(2) Judicial public bail.
Judicial public bail is the release of any defendant without any condition of an undertaking relating to, or a deposit of, security. Such bail shall be granted to persons subjected to custodial arrest only by a judicial officer having jurisdiction over the defendant and in accordance with the procedures established in Division 7 of this article.
(3) Professional surety bail.
Professional surety bail is when a defendant is released on bail by having a professional surety or professional bail company execute a bond on behalf of the defendant and becoming surety on the bail. Such companies shall meet the qualification requirements of Division 10.
(4) Property bail.
Property bail is when a defendant is released on bail by having at least one or more property owners that own property in the State of Alabama, execute or become bail or surety for the defendant. Such property owners shall qualify and meet requirements applying to property bail as set out in Division 8.